Will college students who set goals work harder and perform better? We report the results of two field experiments that involved four thousand college students. One experiment asked treated students to set goals for performance in the course; the other asked treated students to set goals for a particular task. Task-based goals had large and robust positive effects on the level of task completion, and task-based goals also increased course performance. We also find that performance-based goals had positive but small effects on course performance. We use theory that builds on present bias and loss aversion to interpret our results.
What explains large and persistent differences in reciprocity across social groups? This paper exploits variation in historical experience of democracy over space and time in Switzerland to highlight its strong positive association with reciprocity today. Individuals from regions that experienced democracy since the Middle Ages display stronger reciprocity than individuals from regions that acquired democracy only after the invasion by Napoleon. Because historical democracy was widespread in Swiss German but limited in Swiss French-speaking regions, individuals from these groups differ widely in their reciprocity. The difference, however, disappears when we compare Swiss Germans and Swiss French from regions without historical democracy. These results are not capturing current institutions, beliefs, migration, historical dynasties, language and other group-specific characteristics. Further results suggest that the emergence of historical democracy was due to idiosyncratic events and that its effect on reciprocity persists due to intergenerational transmission.
Roman Sheremeta is an Assistant Professor of Economics at the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University and a research affiliate at the Economic Science Institute at Chapman University. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from Purdue University. The focus of his research is in experimental economics and game theory, with applications to behavioral economics, conflict resolution, industrial organization, public and labor economics.
The presentation will be loosely based on the paper “Impulsive Behavior in Competition: Testing Theories of Overbidding in Rent-Seeking Contests.” https://ideas.repec.org/p/chu/wpaper/16-21.html
Gregory Leo uses game theory and experimental methods to study economic problems. Two of his main research projects include studying the coordination dilemmas that arise when the effort of a few people can benefit many and how to efficiently match people into teams or groups in various environments. Gregory joined the faculty at Vanderbilt university in 2015 after earning his PhD from the University of California Santa Barbara.
On Thursday, 30th October 2014, 12:30pm, Shachar Kariv, professor at University of California, Berkeley, will present a seminar on the topic: “Distinguishing Nonstationarity from Inconsistency in Intertemporal Choice.”
Shachar Kariv was educated at Tel-Aviv University and New York University, where he received his PhD in 2003, the same year he joined Berkeley’s economics department. Professor Kariv is the Faculty winrar 64 bit windows 10 Director of UC Berkeley Experimental Social Science Laboratory (Xlab), a laboratory for conducting experiment-based investigations of issues of interest to social sciences. He is the recipient of the UC Berkeley Division of Social Sciences Distinguished Teaching Award (2008) and yahoo password change the Graduate Economics Association Outstanding Advising Award (2006).
On Thursday, 23rd October, 2014, 12:30pm, Sevgi Yuksel, graduate student at New York University will discuss on the topic: “how to use lucky patcher no rootBackward Induction in Finitely Repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma: Experimental Evidence,” joint with Matthew Embrey and Guillaume Frechette.
Before joining UCLA’s faculty in 2011, Alexander Stremitzer was assistant professor of economics at the University of Bonn and visiting assistant professor at Yale Law School and in Yale University’s economics department. He also spent extended research visits at ETH Zurich and Columbia University‘s Center for Contracts and Economic how to use az screen recorder ract theory, and comparative law. In addition to works in German, Professor Stremitzer’s recent scholarly work in English has been published in several journals including the Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, The Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, and The Yale Law Journal.
Professor Stremitzer earned a Masters’ degree in International Management at HEC-Paris in 2000, and in 2003, received a Ph.D., with distinction, in Business Economics from Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration. Professor Stremitzer earned a J.D. in 2006 from the University of Vienna.